Ohio Canine Legislation

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Ohio Canine Legislation
For your reference...
Ohio Senate Bill 130 (Puppy Mill Bill)
What is a Puppy Mill?
In my opinion, the term is too loosely defined to be useful and too liberally applied to be helpful.  I don't know that I can provide a concrete definition, but I can tell you about areas that are problems...
Department of Agriculture (USDA)-registered kennels are normally commercial (livestock) breeders selling puppies to pet stores.  I don't consider the USDA designator to be a mark of distinction.  Rather, a local kennel license and a vendor's license tell you that a breeder is registered with and available for inspection by local authorities.
Nearly all pet stores are selling puppies that have been raised as livestock and are providing little or no socialization while the puppies are in their care.  If a puppy hasn't sold quickly enough, they may "send it to school", a term that refers to selling the puppy to a buncher for delivery to medical research.  Quality breeders don't sell to pet stores.
Bunchers gather dogs at minimum price and sell them to research facilities.  Good breeders don't want anything to do with bunchers.
Some breeders resort to dog auctions for speedy volume sales, but a reliable breeder doesn't need such an avenue to either acquire or sell dogs.
Hoarders will gather animals and keep them in continually deteriorating conditions, often allowing random pregnancies simply because of failure to spay and neuter.
Rescues are sometimes nothing more than breeders who have found a way to make money without caring for dogs.  They may have no facilities, relying on foster families to house and care for the dogs.  They probably require payment to take in a dog and also require payment to place a dog.  If they cannot produce nonprofit organization papers, show you their facility, and provide a veterinary reference, don't deal with them.
Your local humane society is usually staffed and funded by many well-intentioned people.  When you see a dog come through that system a second or third time or you see puppies placed that have disabling conditions, you realize that they also have problems.  However, the shelter and local vets are also where folks are educated about spay/neuter and helped toward a decision that can drastically decrease the number of "accidental" litters produced.
Dog breeders range across an entire spectrum of circumstances, from the top show breeder to the owner of a backyard mutt...from a hobby breeder with a small kennel to a kennel of 100 adult dogs.  Its really difficult to draw lines and consistently label any of these breeders without individually examining their programs.

This entire litter of descriptions is intended to provide some scope to the problem of regulating the dog industry.  I continue to be of the opinion that local control is best.  I have good faith that our local Dog Warden, County Sheriff, County Health Department, and Shelter can handle our county better than the State of Ohio.  That said, the current rendition of Ohio Senate Bill 95, as passed in committee, seems to do some good things without being unfairly restrictive.  In the current form, SB95 would constrain our ability to allow our breeding dogs to run as a pack, limiting 3 dogs to one of our large enclosures.  I can accept downsizing to meet that restriction because it would also keep a bad breeder from housing 6 little dogs in a crate.

At Laymani Boxers, we feel that dog problems are largely driven by demand.  If buyers will actively seek a quality breeder rather than falling in love with the puppy in the pet store window, the market will readily decrease, driving opportunists out of the business.  An active, educated consumer, refusing to compromise on the living conditions and quality of their puppy and its parents is our best tool in solving the "puppy mill" dilemma.


Puppy Purchase Do's an Don'ts

Don't purchase a pet shop puppy.  They almost always come from commercial breeders.

Don't be fooled by the term "USDA breeder".  Those are the commercial (livestock) breeders.

Don't "rescue" a puppy from a breeder.  Any money you give a bad breeder perpetuates those conditions.

Do expect a Rescue organization to be able to show you proof of nonprofit incorporation and an actual facility.

Do expect your breeder to hold a kennel license and a vendor's license.

Do expect your new puppy to already have a veterinarian relationship and call that vet as a reference.


The next few years will present a difficult puzzle to work through.  Ultimately, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) would like to achieve "no breeding animals" and then "no pets".  It is a concept called "One generation and out"...

"We have no ethical obligation to preserve the different breeds of livestock produced through selective breeding. One generation and out. We have no problem with the extinction of domestic animals. They are creations of human selective breeding." Wayne Pacelle, President and CEO of Humane Society of the US, formerly of Friends of Animals and Fund for Animals, Animal People, May, 1993

How do we stand up for animals, while denying the agenda of the animal rightists?  I intend to continue providing information and context on our website.  Each of our Laymani Families can then, at least, be armed with meaningful discussion tools.  Meanwhile, you might browse the following website... http://www.pet-law.com 

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